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Howard University | Physiology and Biophysics Academia.edu

Stress, diet and alcoholinduced oxidative gastrointestinal mucosal injury in rats and protection by bismuth subsalicylate. Oxygen free radicals are implicated in the pathogenesis of stress and food/alcoholinduced gastrointestinal injury. We have investigated the effects of restraint stress, spicy food diet, highfat diet and 40% ethanol on
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Bacterial and Parasitic Diseases of Ferrets

(17.5 mg/mL) bismuth subsalicylate suspension (PeptoBismol; Procter & Gamble, Cincinnati, Ohio) for ferrets is 1 mL/kg administered orally every 8 hours. 8 There is a concern regarding the use of salicylates in the face of gastrointestinal ulceration.
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NDC 58914601 Pylera Bismuth Subcitrate Potassium

Pylera with NDC 58914601 is a a human prescription drug product labeled by Allergan, Inc.. The generic name of Pylera is bismuth subcitrate potassium, metronidazole, tetracycline hydrochloride.
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bismuth subcitrate potassium/metronidazole/tetracycline

Bismuth Subsalicylate: (Moderate) Separate administration of oral tetracyclines and bismuth subsalicylate by at least 2 to 3 hours. Coadministration may impair absorption of oral tetracyclines which may decrease their efficacy.
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The Antimicrobial Effects and Metabolomic Footprinting of

The Antimicrobial Effects and Metabolomic Footprinting of CarboxylCapped Bismuth Nanoparticles Against bismuth subsalicylate, bismuth subcitrate, and bismuth subnitrate) are used as antimicrobial agents in medicine [11–15]. Bismuth prepara Changes in intracellular metabolites in H. pylori following exposure to Bi NPs
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Inflammatory Gastroenteritis ATSU

INFLAMMATORY GASTROENTERITIS. CHOLERA. ETIOLOGICAL AGENT: Vibrio cholerae.This is a slightly curved gramnegative rod which has two major groups based on the Oantigen.
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Aspirin poisoning an overview | ScienceDirect Topics

Bismuth subsalicylate contains about half the amount of salicylate in aspirin. For 3.5 weeks the infant's parents gave the baby the equivalent of aspirin 57–84 mg/kg/day, leading eventually to central nervous system depression, respiratory distress and a metabolic acidosis; his serum salicylate concentration was 5.4 mmol/l (747 mg/l).
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bismuth subcitrate potassium/metronidazole/tetracycline

Bismuth Subsalicylate: (Moderate) Separate administration of oral tetracyclines and bismuth subsalicylate by at least 2 to 3 hours. Coadministration may impair absorption of oral tetracyclines which may decrease their efficacy.
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Traveler's Diarrhea in the Pediatric Population: Etiology

Bismuth subsalicylate has been shown, in frequent doses, to decrease the number of unformed stools produced by adult travelers. Controlled trials of bismuth subsalicylate in children have shown that, Intracellular activity of azithromycin against bacterial enteric pathogens,
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The protective role of autophagy in nephrotoxicity induced

Detection of intracellular reactive oxygen species. For example, CBS and bismuth subsalicylate are commonly used in H. pylori treatment regimens. However, other studies found that overdose of CBS induced cell death and result in nephrotoxicity (Leussink et al. 2001 Leussink, B. T.
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Labeling and Tracking Stem Cells By XRay Imaging Using a

This promising new Xray CA material has been studied as an intracellular CA to label porcine bone marrowderived mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), with no cytotoxicity being observed. The free Bi(III)oxosalicylate cluster is not able to translocate into stem cells by itself, thus, the UStube platform serves as a nanocarrier to deliver bismuth
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Drugs Used in Treatment of Diarrhea (Monogastric

Although other "mucosal protectants" have questionable efficacy, bismuth subsalicylate is considered by many human gastroenterologists to be the symptomatic treatment of choice for acute diarrhea. Its efficacy has been proved in controlled clinical trials in people with acute diarrhea (enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli or "traveller's diarrhea").
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Bioinorganic Chemistry of Bismuth and Antimony: Target

The biocoordination chemistry of antimony and bismuth has been extensively investigated due to the historical use of these metals in medicine. Structures of bismuth antiulcer agents and interactions of Bi3+ with proteins and enzymes, such as transferrin and lactoferrin, the histidinerich protein Hpn, and urease, have been characterized. Sb5+ is a prodrug and is bioreduced or activated to its
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NURS615 Test 4 Flashcards | Quizlet

Bismuth subsalicylate appears to have antibacterial and antisecretory properties and is used to treat traveler's diarrhea in doses of two tablets or 2 fluid oz before each meal and at bedtime (4 times/d) for up to 3 weeks during brief periods of high risk.
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Cytotoxicity of Bismuth Compounds to Cultured Cancer Cells

Krari N. Wackett LP (2005) Metabolism of bismuth subsalicylate and intracellular accumulation of bismuth by Fusarium sp. Appl Environ Microbiol 71: 876882. Related Interests Cytotoxicity
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Synthesis and characterization of bismuth(III) and

also active against intracellular amastigotes and showed a higher selectivity index than the conventional Sb(V) drug glucantime, in both Sbsensitive and resistant strains. BSS Bismuth subsalicylate CBS Bismuth subcitrate DMF N,Ndimethylformamide FBS Fetal .
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Ancillary Therapies for Calf Diarrhea: Medical Use of Bismuth

In humans, bismuth subsalicylate is hydrolyzed in the stomach to salicylic acid and bismuth salts. Over 90% of the salicylic acid is absorbed in the (decreased intracellular ATP) and loss of membrane integrity. Sox and Olson 1989 Bismuth subsalicylates Review Insoluble bismuth salts are closely associated with gastric
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Surface Antigen Exposure by Bismuth Dimercaprol

muth subnitrate or bismuth subsalicylate (15). At subinhibitory concentrations, BisBAL also interferes with capsule expression in K. pneumoniae (14). The purpose of this study was to characterize the anticapsular effects of these new bismuth compounds on K. pneumoniae.
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Traveler's Diarrhea in the Pediatric Population: Etiology

Bismuth subsalicylate has been shown, in frequent doses, to decrease the number of unformed stools produced by adult travelers. Controlled trials of bismuth subsalicylate in children have shown that, Intracellular activity of azithromycin against bacterial enteric pathogens,
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Mechanism of action: Cabergoline

Sep 01, 2012· Mechanism action of Cabergoline The dopamine D 2 receptor is a 7transmembrane Gprotein coupled receptor associated with G i proteins. In lactotrophs, stimulation of dopamine D 2 causes inhibition of adenylyl cyclase, which decreases intracellular cAMP concentrations and blocks IP3dependent release of Ca 2+ from intracellular stores.
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Subinhibitory BismuthThiols Reduce Virulence

Inorganic bismuth (e.g., bismuth nitrate or bismuth subsalicylate) is marginally active, requiring high concentrations (250 μM or 50 μg/ml) Langley and Beveridge have shown the precipitation of gold as intracellular elemental crystals in P. aeruginosa . Similarly, there is an apparent bismuth deposition, as electron dense material in the
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Have a 9 month old dwarf hamster that has been acting more

Symptomatic treatment with bismuth subsalicylate may be given if diarrhea persists. Do your best to find a "pocket pet" vet in your area and feel free to share our conversation with that vet. Please respond with further questions or concerns if you wish.
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Owen Carryl | Howard University Academia.edu

Bismuth subsalicylate exerted significant protection against DNA damage and changes in membrane microviscosity induced by the four stressors. Excellent correlations existed between the production of reactive oxygen species and the tissue damaging effects in both gastric and intestinal mucosa.
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Dr. Jonathan Kaunitz, Gastroenterologist in Los Angeles

Dr. Jonathan Kaunitz is a gastroenterologist in Los Angeles, California and is affiliated with multiple hospitals in the area, including Ronald Reagan UCLA Medical Center and VA Greater Los
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Management of Common Side © The Author(s) 2017

intracellular levels of cAMP increase and antagonize the production of several proinflammatory cytokines, includ loperamide or bismuth subsalicylate) was used in 12.5% of participants with diarrhea in the ESTEEM trials and 21.2% of participants with diarrhea in the PALACE trials.21 Across
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Cytotoxicity of Bismuth Compounds to Cultured Cancer Cells

peptic ulcer, and skin diseases for decades, and Bi subsalicylate and Bi citrate are used as antigastritis and antidiarrheal agents [1,5,6]. Cytotoxicity of Bismuth Compounds to Cultured Cancer Cells. intracellular accumulation of bismuth by Fusarium sp. .
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Drugs Used in Treatment of Diarrhea (Monogastric

Although other "mucosal protectants" have questionable efficacy, bismuth subsalicylate is considered by many human gastroenterologists to be the symptomatic treatment of choice for acute diarrhea. Its efficacy has been proved in controlled clinical trials in people with acute diarrhea (enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli or "traveller's diarrhea").
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Acute Gastroenteritis Among Children in the Developing

six deaths.35 Bismuth subsalicylate has limited efficacy in • Soy proteinbased formula is frequently given to infants treating traveller's diarrhoea36 and other causes of acute who are allergic to cow's milk.
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Pylera FDA prescribing information, side effects and uses

Bismuth subsalicylate did not show mutagenic potential in the NTP Salmonella plate assay. Metronidazole Prominent among the effects in the mouse was an increased incidence of .
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Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) Rx Study Guides

Proton pump inhibitors: bismuth subsalicylate (pepto bismol), omeprazole Combination therapy work best SE: nausea, diarrhea, metallic taste encourage patients to get through first 2 .
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Subsalicilato de bismuto – Wikipédia, a enciclopédia livre

«Towards a Structural Understanding of the AntiUlcer and AntiGastritis Drug Bismuth Subsalicylate». Angewandte Chemie International Edition . 45 (34): 5638–5642.
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Subsalicilato de bismuto – Wikipédia, a enciclopédia livre

«Towards a Structural Understanding of the AntiUlcer and AntiGastritis Drug Bismuth Subsalicylate». Angewandte Chemie International Edition . 45 (34): 5638–5642.
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